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What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

It’s a common misconception that the term plastic in plastic surgery refers to artificial. The term derives from the ancient Greek word plastikos, which means to shape or form. This type of surgery is a surgical specialty concerned with both cosmetic enhancement and the reconstruction of facial and body tissue defects caused by illness, trauma, or birth defects. P.surgery restores and improves both function and appearance of your body. Except for the central nervous system, it can involve surgery on any part of the anatomy, including skin conditions, such as skin cancer, scars, burns, birthmarks and tattoo removal, maxillofacial surgery (the facial skeleton), congenital anomalies, including deformed ears, cleft palate and cleft lip. In this article, you will learn about the types and effects of plastic surgery.

What is plastic surgery?

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

Plastic surgery encompasses both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures:

In general, reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal body structures that may be caused by trauma, infection, abnormalities in development, anomalies that are congenital (present at birth), disease and tumors. This type of surgery is typically performed to improve function, but it can also be performed to alter appearance. Micro-vascular and cranio-maxillofacial surgery, liposuction, and tissue transfer are examples of innovative techniques developed by plastic surgery. This specialty is built on a foundation of surgical anatomy, physiology, pathology and other basic sciences.

Competence in p.surgery necessitates a unique blend of fundamental knowledge, surgical judgment, technical expertise, ethics and interpersonal skills in order to achieve satisfactory patient relationships and problem resolution.  On the other hand, cosmetic plastic surgery for face is only for limited goals. The only purpose is to improve the appearance, for the body parts which are functioning properly, while both can be done on any part of body.

Types of plastic surgery

As already discussed, there are two types of plastic surgery. Reconstructive plastic surgery and cosmetic plastic surgery. Both are explained below:

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Reconstructive surgery vs cosmetic surgery

If you’ve always assumed that cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery were interchangeable, you’re not alone. Because a significant number of plastic surgeons choose to concentrate their practice on cosmetic surgery, the terms are frequently used interchangeably. This, however, is not technically correct. Cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery are closely related but not the same specialties. While both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery aim to improve a patient’s body, the overarching philosophies guiding training, research, and patient outcomes are distinct.

What is reconstructive plastic surgery?

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed on patients who have birthmarks on their faces, cleft lip and palate, protruding ears, and a crooked smile that interfere with normal function. This type of surgery can also be used to treat conditions caused by accidents, trauma, burns, or previous surgery. Furthermore, some reconstructive procedures are required to treat pre-existing diseases such as skin cancer.

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What is cosmetic plastic surgery?

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

Cosmetic plastic surgery for face is intended to improve the visual appearance of facial structures and features. Facelifts, eye lifts, rhinoplasty, chin and cheek implants, liposuction, and procedures to correct facial wrinkles are all common procedures. ENT specialists are well-trained to deal with all of these issues. Cosmetic surgery for face aims to improve the appearance.

The primary goals are to improve aesthetic appeal, symmetry and proportion. Aesthetic surgery can be done on any part of the head, neck, or body. Cosmetic procedures are considered elective because they treat areas that function normally. There are various types of cosmetic surgery procedures including:

Plastic surgery for face

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

  • Facial contouring: cheek enhancement
  • Facial rejuvenation: face lift, eyebrow life, neck lift and eyelid lift
  • Skin rejuvenation: filler treatments and laser resurfacing

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Plastic surgery for nose

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

  • Rhinoplasty or nose job

Plastic surgery for body

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

  • Body contouring: liposuction and tummy tuck
  • Breast enhancement: breast lift and breast reduction

Plastic surgery for hands

What is Plastic Surgery and its Types? Is it Safe?

  • Skin grafts
  • Skin flaps
  • Tendon repair
  • Nerve repairs
  • Fasciotomy

How is plastic surgery done?

Cosmetic surgery is a type of elective surgery that is performed on normal parts of the body to improve a person’s appearance and remove signs of aging. Tis type of surgery can involve a variety of techniques for moving and manipulating body tissue. Before undergoing this surgery, you should consult with a plastic surgeon. They will go over everything that will happen before, during, and after surgery in great detail. You may also be subjected to a psychological evaluation.

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The transfer of a living piece of tissue from one part of the body to another, along with the blood vessels that keep it alive, is known as flap surgery. It can be used for breast reconstruction, open fractures, large wounds, and, in rare cases, to improve a cleft lip and palate. Most of the time, the skin remains partially attached to the body, forming a flap. After that, the flap is repositioned and stitched over the damaged area. A technique known as a free flap is used for more complex reconstruction.

This is the process by which a piece of skin and the blood vessels that supply it are completely disconnected from the original blood supply and then reconnected at a new location. Microsurgery is used to connect the tiny blood vessels at the new location. When large areas of specific tissue types are required for reconstruction, a free flap is frequently used. The operation can be performed under general or local anaesthesia, depending on the location and size of the flap. When compared to a skin graft, flap surgery has a lower risk of failure because it allows the blood supply to the repaired area to be maintained.

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Cost of plastic surgery

Cosmetic surgery fees are typically paid in advance of the procedure. The consultation fee is frequently deducted from the procedure. Costs vary greatly depending on the complexity of the operation, where the surgery is performed, and which anesthetic is used. The cost of plastic surgery varies by surgeon and your condition.

Cosmetic surgery is generally considered elective surgery and is not covered by most insurance plans. Some operations, such as breast reduction if the weight of your breasts causes pain or interferes with normal activities, may be considered reconstructive rather than cosmetic. Check with your surgeon, who may advise you to contact your insurance company before surgery to see if coverage is available.

Never select a doctor solely on the basis of price. You should entrust your face or body to the cosmetic surgeon with whom you are most comfortable after checking for certification by the American Board of Plastic Surgery and membership in The Aesthetic Society.

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Is plastic surgery safe?

People who are undergoing surgery of any kind may be concerned about their safety. Despite the fact that plastic surgery has been shown to be extremely safe, no medical procedure is without risks definitely. This is true both during the surgery and during the recovery period. Before scheduling an elective surgery, you should look into the qualifications of the surgeon.

The American Society for Aesthetic Surgery conducted a survey in the early 2010s on the outcomes of 400,000 procedures performed in an accredited clinic, hospital, or outpatient surgery setting. According to the findings, less than one percent of patients experienced serious complications during or after their surgery. This level of risk is comparable to any other type of surgery. So definitely, plastic surgery is safe as any other surgery.

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