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All You Need to Know about the Types of Migraine

Over one in every six adults in the United States suffers from migraine attacks, which cause severe pain in the head and are sometimes accompanied by vision problems, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Migraine can, on rare occasions, cause symptoms and complications in other parts of the body. These migraine variants are frequently named after the part of the body that is affected. The majority of these migraine variants are extremely uncommon. Your doctor may be able to tell you whether you have one of these rare or extreme types of migraine or another condition entirely based on your symptoms of migraines.

All You Need to Know about the Types of Migraine

Types of migraine

Migraines are excruciatingly painful, incapacitating headaches that affect everyone the same way. Migraines are painful and incapacitating, but they are not all the same. In fact, it is common for migraine sufferers to have completely different symptoms depending on their personal triggers and patterns. To begin with, there are several different types of migraines. Doctors classify migraines into several types, and knowing which type you have, can help you to get a diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan that works for you.

Let’s look at the different types of migraine:

  • Aura Migraine
  • Migraine without aura
  • Migraine without headache
  • Hemiplegic Migraine
  • Retinal migraine
  • Chronic migraine
  • Ice pick headache
  • Cluster Headaches
  • Cervicogenic headache
  • Migraine during menstruation
  • Vestibular migraine
  • Tension headache

What is aura migraine?

A quarter of migraine sufferers also have aura, which is a series of sensory and visual changes that can range from seeing black dots and zigzags to tingling numbness on one side of the body or an inability to speak clearly. Aura appears shortly before or during a migraine and can last between 10 and 30 minutes. Aura is the second of four stages of migraine, and anyone who has experienced it will confirm that it is an unmistakable warning sign that severe head pain is on the way.

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What is migraine without aura?

This type of migraine is also known as common migraine. The symptoms of migraine without aura are similar to those of several other types of migraine, making diagnosis difficult. Classic symptoms of migraine without aura include pulsing or throbbing pain on one side of the head, photophobia, phono-phobia, pain made worse by physical activity, nausea, and vomiting. The main distinction is that common migraine does not have the warning phases that other types of migraine do.

What is migraine without headache?

This type of migraine, also known as a silent or acephalgic migraine, can be very frightening because you have a dizzying aura and other visual disturbances, nausea, and other migraine phases, but no head pain. It can be triggered by any of a person’s usual triggers, and those who get them are more likely to get other types of migraines as well. This type is classified as typical aura without headache by the International Headache Society.

What is hemiplegic migraine?

If you’ve ever had a migraine that felt more like a stroke, you’ve most likely had a Hemiplegic Migraine. This type of migraine causes weakness on one side of the body, as well as visual aura symptoms and a “pins and needles” sensation, or loss of sensation, on one side of the body. It can last anywhere from a few hours to several days. Hemiplegic Migraine, like typical aura without headache, does not always include severe head pain.

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What is retinal migraine?

A retinal migraine occurs when a headache causes you to temporarily lose vision in one eye. The blindness, which is most common in women during their childbearing years, can last anywhere from a minute to months and is usually completely reversible. This is a type of aura that occurs in conjunction with a migraine, and it is a condition about which we know very little. What we do know is that Retinal Migraine may be a symptom of a more serious problem, and those who experience it should seek medical attention immediately.

What is chronic migraine?

If you have a headache more than 15 days per month, you most likely have chronic migraine. Many of the days feel like typical migraines, but the severity of the symptoms and head pain on any given day can vary greatly. If the pain is mild, patients may mistake it for a tension headache or sinus headache on some days. Many chronic migraine patients also use acute headache pain medications on more than 10-15 days per month, which can lead to even more frequent headaches.

What is ice pick headache?

Ice pick headaches are a self-explanatory term. It is one of the types of migraine that have the sensation of being stabbed in the head with an ice pick. They frequently strike suddenly, delivering intense, sharp pain. They are brief, usually lasting 5-30 seconds, but excruciatingly painful. These headaches affect the orbit, temple, and parietal regions of your head. That is the location of your trigeminal nerve, which is the nerve in your face responsible for biting and chewing as well as facial sensation. The nerve is located on the side of your head, just above your ear and just past your eye. If you have sharp pains in this area, you most likely have ice pick headaches.

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What are cluster headaches?

This is one of the most severe types of migraine, a person can feel. Cluster headaches cause a burning sensation around and above your eyes, at your temples, and even at the back of your head. Among other symptoms, you may experience red or swollen eyes, as well as a runny nose. Cluster headaches are the most irritating headaches because they occur in such a large area and cause other symptoms. They are sometimes referred to as suicide headaches because they occur in such a large area and cause other symptoms.

What is cervicogenic headache?

A cervicogenic headache occurs when the pain in your head is caused by pain in your neck. The pain usually originates in the neck or from a lesion on the spine, and it is frequently confused with pain in the back of the head. This type of headache frequently necessitates physical therapy in addition to medication or other treatment.

What is migraine during menstruation?

Menstrual migraines, also known as hormonal migraines, are exactly what they sound like: migraines in women caused by hormonal changes. Menstrual migraines occur with or without an aura and usually occur just before or at the start of your period. Menstrual migraines may occur if you experience migraines during two out of every three periods. A frustrating but important fact is that menstrual migraines last longer and may be more painful than non-menstrual migraines.

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What is vestibular migraine?

Vestibular migraines are surprisingly common, affecting 30-50 percent of migraine sufferers, according to Cephalalgia. According to ICHD-3, vestibular migraines can cause sudden bouts of vertigo, where you either feel like you’re moving when you’re not or see the world spinning. This can happen when you move your head or see something particularly stimulating. Interestingly, as stated in ICHD-3, vertigo attacks, like aura symptoms, may not always occur right before a headache sets in. Indeed, Cephalalgia notes that they may last only a few seconds or even a few days.

What are tension headache?

Adults’ most common headaches are tension headaches. The pain is usually less severe than that of a migraine, more of an ache than a throbbing pain. They have an impact on both sides of your head. They usually do not hurt as much as migraines. When you’re active, they don’t get worse. They do not cause symptoms such as light and sound sensitivity or nausea.

It can be difficult to determine the causes of headache. There are numerous types of migraine and treatment methods too. Concentrating on where your head hurts and the symptoms that accompany it can help you and your doctor determine what type of migraine or headache you have, resulting in a more effective treatment plan and fewer painful days.

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