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Causes and Types of Diabetes: Is Diabetes Genetic?

Diabetes is a long-term health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. The majority of the food you eat is converted into sugar which is also known as glucose, and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar rises, your pancreas sends a signal to release insulin. Insulin functions as a key, allowing blood sugar to enter cells and be used as energy. If you have diabetes, your body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use the insulin produced as efficiently as it should. Too much blood sugar remains in your bloodstream when there is insufficient insulin or when cells stop responding to insulin. This can lead to serious health issues such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease over time. Although there are many types of diabetes, in this guide, we will discuss the main types and how to cure diabetes by simple lifestyle changes.

Causes and Types of Diabetes: Is Diabetes Genetic?

Diabetes does not yet have a cure, but losing weight, eating healthy foods, and staying active can all help you to get rid of diabetes. Taking medication as needed, receiving diabetes self-management education and support, and attending health-care appointments can all help to lessen the impact of diabetes on your life.

Diabetes is basically caused by a variety of factors, which differ depending on the type of diabetes. However, regardless of the type of diabetes you have, it can result in an excess of sugar in your blood, causing serious health issues. Diabetes is sometimes referred to as “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” These terms imply that someone does not have diabetes or that they have a less serious case, but every case of diabetes is serious. To comprehend diabetes, you must first comprehend how glucose is normally processed in the body.

The Mechanism of Insulin Action

Insulin is a hormone produced by a gland located behind and beneath the stomach (pancreas). Insulin is secreted into the bloodstream by the pancreas. Insulin circulates, allowing sugar into your cells. It reduces the amount of sugar in your blood. As your blood sugar level falls, so does insulin secretion from your pancreas.

Function of Glucose

Glucose, a sugar, provides energy to the cells that comprise muscles and other tissues. It comes from two major sources: food and your liver. Sugar enters the bloodstream and enters cells with the help of insulin. Your liver both stores and produces glucose. When your glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver converts stored glycogen into glucose in order to keep your glucose levels within a normal range.

Types of diabetes

Diabetes is classified into three types: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are both chronic diabetes conditions. Diabetes conditions that are potentially reversible include pre-diabetes and gestational diabetes. When your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes, you have pre-diabetes. And, unless appropriate measures are taken to prevent diabetes progression, pre-diabetes is frequently the precursor to diabetes. Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy but may disappear after the baby is born.

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Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. This means that your immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produce insulin by mistake. The harm is irreversible. Type 1 diabetes affects approximately 5-10% of all diabetics. Type 1 diabetes symptoms frequently appear quickly. It is most commonly diagnosed in children, teenagers, and young adults. To survive if you have type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin every day. At the moment, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes.

Causes and Types of Diabetes: Is Diabetes Genetic?

 

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes begins as insulin resistance. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly and cannot maintain normal blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes affects 90-95 percent of diabetics. It takes many years to develop and is usually diagnosed in adults. Because you may not notice any symptoms, it’s critical to have your blood sugar tested if you’re at risk. Type 2 diabetes can be avoided or delayed by making healthy lifestyle changes such as losing weight, eating healthy foods, and getting enough exercise. Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common types of diabetes.

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Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is one of the temporary types of diabetes. When a woman is pregnant, she may develop gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born. If you’ve had gestational diabetes, you’re more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. Diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is sometimes type 2 diabetes.

Other types of diabetes

Monogenic diabetes, an inherited form of diabetes, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes are two less common types.

Causes of diabetes

Depending upon the types of diabetes, there are different causes of diabetes.

Causes of Type 1 diabetes

It is unknown what causes type 1 diabetes. What is known is that your immune system, which is normally responsible for fighting harmful bacteria or viruses, attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. As a result, you have little to no insulin. Sugar accumulates in your bloodstream rather than being transported to your cells. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though the precise nature of those factors is unknown. Weight is not thought to play a role in type 1 diabetes.

Causes of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes

In pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Sugar accumulates in your bloodstream rather than moving into your cells, where it is needed for energy. Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is caused by a combination of factors, including lifestyle choices and genetics. Environmental factors are thought to play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes as well. Obesity is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, but not all people with type 2 are overweight.

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Gestational diabetes causes

During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to keep the pregnancy going. These hormones make your cells more insulin resistant. Your pancreas normally responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance. However, your pancreas can’t always keep up. When this occurs, too little glucose enters the cells and too much remains in the blood, resulting in gestational diabetes.

Is diabetes genetic?

Causes and Types of Diabetes: Is Diabetes Genetic?

It is still unsure if type 1 diabetes is hereditary or not. While 90% of people with type 1 diabetes have no relatives with the disease, genetic factors can predispose people to develop the disease. Certain gene markers have been linked to an increased risk of type 1 diabetes.

Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. Several gene mutations have been linked to an increased risk of diabetes, according to researchers. Diabetes does not affect everyone who carries a mutation. However, many diabetics have one or more of these mutations.

Gestational diabetes is a complex disease with no clear inherited pattern. However, many affected people have at least one close family member with this disease or another type of diabetes, such as a parent or sibling.

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How to prevent diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes cannot be avoided. However, the same healthy lifestyle choices that aid in the treatment of pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes can also aid in their prevention:

Consume nutritious foods: Choose foods that are low in fat and calories while being high in fiber. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains should be prioritized. To avoid boredom, strive for variety.

Increase your physical activity: Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity per week, or 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity on most days of the week.

Loose the excess weight: If you’re overweight, losing even 7% of your body weight — 14 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds— can lower your risk of diabetes. However, don’t try to lose weight while pregnant. Consult your doctor about how much weight you should gain during pregnancy. Focus on long-term changes to your eating and exercise habits to maintain a healthy weight. Motivate yourself by recalling the benefits of losing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy, and higher self-esteem.

Other ways to cure diabetes include:

  • Reducing the intake of sugar and refined carbohydrates
  • Exercising on a regular basis
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Stopping smoking
  • Increasing your vitamin D levels
  • Consuming coffee or tea
  • Taking natural herbs such as curcumin, berberine, and others.

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How to cure diabetes?

With all of the diabetes research and advances in diabetes treatment, it’s tempting to believe that someone has surely discovered a diabetes cure by now. The reality is that there is no cure for diabetes, either type 1 or type 2. However, in some cases, lifestyle changes can result in type 2 diabetes remission. However, there are treatments, including simple daily activities that can make a significant difference.

Natural stress-reduction techniques include deep abdominal breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and biofeedback. Emotional stress also has an impact on blood sugar levels. As a result, learning to relax is essential in managing your diabetes. Diabetes is also not cured by supplements. Some natural supplements may have dangerous interactions with your diabetes medication. Others have been shown to help with diabetes management, but always consult your doctor before taking any supplement. Be skeptical of diabetes cure claims. A genuine cure will have been tested in clinical trials numerous times with clear success.

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