If you have a pet cat or are considering getting one, you may be wondering how long do cats live in human years? Cats life expectancy is determined by a variety of factors, including health, diet, and environment, but the average lifespan of a cat is 12-14 years. Some pet cats, on the other hand, can live to be around 20 years old. Crème Puff, a cat from Texas in the United States who lived to be 38 years and three days old, holds the world record for the oldest cat, but that is extremely rare! The good news is that advances in veterinary care and public awareness of good cat welfare have resulted in pet cats living longer lives than previously.
According to our Cats and Their Stats 2020 report, nearly half (43%) of the UK’s owned cats are ‘old.’ Unfortunately, cats in our care aged 11 years and older take an average of one month to find new forever homes, which is more than three times longer than kittens, who take only eight days.
Lifespan of cats
Cats may not have nine lives, but factors such as diet, healthcare, and environment can influence how long do cats live. Neutered cats live longer lives because neutering prevents reproductive diseases and because neutered cats are less likely to roam. Domestic cats can live to be up to 20 years old, depending on a variety of factors, including luck. They will go through six key life stages during their lifetime, which may help owners understand certain health/behavioral problems that may arise and things to keep an eye on.
When a cat is old?
Cats progress through six life stages, and they are considered ‘old’ when they reach the mature stage at the age of seven. They typically do not begin to slow down until they reach the senior stage at 11 years old. The six stages of the life of cats are listed below.
Life of cats
Bing a kitten (up to six months)
This is the best time to introduce your cat to new things like other pets, household noises, being brushed and handled, and becoming acquainted with children. During this time, you’ll notice them going through their most rapid growth spurt. This is also an excellent time to neuter your pet in order to prevent unwanted litters.
Junior (upto two years)
During this time, your cat will have grown to full size and reached sexual maturity. It is critical to play appropriately with your pet because this will teach them how to interact with other people. This means that you should avoid roughhousing with your cat and instead engage them with toys. Playing with your hands can encourage biting and scratching, which may appear cute when they’re a kitten, but keep in mind that the bites and scratches will become more severe as they grow older.
Prime time (three to six years)
As the name implies, your cat will be at the peak of its life during these years. While your cat is young and healthy, it is still important to keep up with vaccinations and health checks to help prevent diseases and illnesses.
Mature (seven to ten years)
Your cat will be the human equivalent of someone in their mid-forties to mid-fifties at this age. This means that your pet may begin to slow down, and they are more likely to gain weight. It is critical to carefully monitor their food consumption to ensure that they are getting the appropriate amount for their level of activity. If you are unsure whether your cat is overweight or how to reduce meal times, consult your veterinarian.
Senior (11 to 14 years)
This brings your cat to the human age of 70, which means they may require more mental stimulation to keep them happy. Enriching your cat’s environment should be done throughout their lives and should continue into their senior years, especially since cats relax a lot more at this age. Food puzzles are a great way to keep your cat entertained and, if your cat is slightly overweight, it can keep them busy and active while they try to get their food!
Geriatric (15 years and older)
Some cats can live to this age and show no signs of slowing down (lucky for some!). Others, on the other hand, may begin to live life in the slow lane, happily snoozing the day away on their favorite pillow. Geriatric cats will need to be closely monitored for any changes in their behavior, which can include vocalization and frequency of going to the toilet. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, make an appointment with your veterinarian.
How long do indoor cats live?
According to Catster, the average life expectancy for an indoor house cat ranges from 10 to 20 years, depending on the source. However, cats are physically capable of living for more than 15 years; in fact, the oldest known house cat, Rubble, lived to be 31 years old. These numbers may appear low, but they represent an average of the lifespans of ancient, well-cared-for kitties; unfortunate individuals who died early from disease or accident; and everyone in between.
How long do outdoor cats live?
Here’s one way to increase your chances of your cat becoming one of those “ancient, well-cared-for kitties” who lives well beyond 15 years: Keep it on the inside. Outdoor cats have a much shorter life expectancy, which can range from 2 to 5 years or closer to 7 years depending on your source. This is primarily due to the fact that free-roaming cats face more dangers than their indoor counterparts. Outdoor cats are more likely to be involved in risks such as car accidents, fights with other cats, and other dangers that could shorten their lives. However, because they have more space to roam, they are more likely to get more exercise, which helps to keep them fit and healthy. If you do keep your cat indoors, make sure they have plenty of opportunities to play with fun toys that they can chase and catch. There are still risks to house cats, so you’ll need to keep an eye on them to keep them healthy for as long as possible.
How to help your cat live longer?
There are six simple ways to increase the life expectancy of your cat.
- Have them neutered – Neutered cats live longer lives because they are less likely to contract diseases through mating and are less likely to wander far from home, reducing the risk of road traffic accidents and cat fights.
- Have your pet checked by a veterinarian on a regular basis – Taking your cat to the vet for a check-up at least once a year will allow you to detect any health issues early and treat them effectively.
- Vaccinate them – Keeping your cat up to date on all vaccinations will help to protect them from any nasty diseases that could shorten their life.
- Encourage exercise – Whether or not your cat goes outside, spend some time each day encouraging them to play so they can get some exercise and stay physically fit.
- Feed a nutritious diet – Make sure your cat is eating a complete cat food appropriate for their age, as this will provide all of the nutrients they require to live a long and healthy life. Avoid giving your cat too many treats because they are high in calories and can cause them to gain weight.
- Keep them indoors at night – Because the chances of your cat getting into a car accident or fighting with another cat are higher at night, we recommend keeping them indoors when it’s dark.