The Red Sea is one of the few places on the planet with a pole ward-flowing eastern boundary current. Eastern boundary currents get their name from the fact that they follow the eastern coasts of continents. In the northern hemisphere, however, all other such eastern boundary currents flow south. The Red Sea Eastern Boundary Current, on the other hand, flows in the opposite direction of the others, toward the North Pole. Seasonal monsoons, desert sandstorms, wind jets through narrow mountain gaps, the Strait of Bab Al Mandeb, which squeezes passage in and out of the sea—even locust swarms—are all woven into the tapestry that produces the Red Sea’s unusual oceanographic phenomena. In this article we will discuss about the interesting facts about the red sea as well as black sea and Dead Sea.
The politics of the nation’s surrounding the Red Sea are also complex, making it one of the more difficult locations for data collection. This explains why many Red Sea phenomena are still unknown. Unexplored regions, on the other hand, are the most appealing to scientists because they are the most fertile ground for new discoveries.
The Red Sea is located in a fault depression that separates two large blocks of the Earth’s crust: Arabia and North Africa. The land inland from the coastal plains reaches heights of more than 6,560 feet above sea level on either side, with the highest land in the south. The Red Sea divides into two parts at its northern end, the Gulf of Suez to the northwest and the Gulf of Aqaba to the northeast. The Gulf of Suez is shallow (180 to 210 feet deep) and surrounded by a broad coastal plain. The Gulf of Aqaba, on the other hand, is surrounded by a narrow plain and has a depth of 5,500 feet.
The Red Sea’s coasts parallel each other at a distance of about 100 miles from approximately 28° N, where the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba converge, south to a latitude near 25° N. The seafloor there is made up of a main trough with a maximum depth of about 4,000 feet that runs parallel to the shorelines.
Why red sea is called red sea?
The name of the Red Sea is a direct translation of the ancient Greek name, Erythra Thalassa. Only European languages, however, contain any mention of the word “red.” In Hebrew, it is known as Yam Suph, or the Sea of Reeds, owing to the reeds of the Gulf of Suez, and in Egypt, it is known as “Green Space.” One of the most interesting facts about the red sea is that it is the saltiest of all the seas that connect to the ocean without even a single river meeting it. One popular theory for the Red Sea’s name is that it contains a cyanobacteria called Trichodesmium erythraeum, which turns the normally blue-green water reddish-brown. That’s why red sea is called so.
There are several competing theories as that tell why red sea appears red. One popular explanation attributes the color to the seasonal blooms of a type of alga, which turn the normally clear water a deep orange-red. It gets its name from the color changes that occur in its waters. The Red Sea is normally of an intense blue-green color; however, it is occasionally populated by large blooms of the algae Trichodesmium erythraeum, which die off and turn the sea a reddish brown color. That’s why red sea is known as red sea. The color of red sea is not intense and varies across the expansive body of water.
Some of the world’s hottest and saltiest seawater can be found in the Red Sea. It is one of the most heavily traveled waterways in the world, carrying maritime traffic between Europe and Asia via its connection to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal.
Is the Red Sea salty?
One of the interesting facts about the red sea is its salinity. The Red Sea has its own peculiar characteristics that are not found in other oceans. It is extremely warm—surface water temperature of red sea can reach 30° Celsius and water evaporates from it at an alarming rate, that’s why red sea is salty. It has unusual circulation patterns due to its narrow confines and constrained connection to the global ocean, as well as its seasonal flip-flopping wind patterns governed by the monsoons. Its currents shift in the summer and winter. At 4o C, the density of normal water is 1 g/cm3, but the addition of salts and other dissolved substances raises the density of red seawater to between 1.02 and 1.03 g/cm3. The density of sea water can be increased by lowering its temperature, increasing its salinity, or increasing its pressure.
Red sea vs Dead Sea
Dead Sea is not a global suicide tipping point. The term “dead” refers to the inability of marine organisms to survive in the area due to its high salt content. This causes human bodies floating in Dead Sea rather than sink. The Dead Sea, like the Red Sea, has biblical overtones. Minerals found here are used to treat a variety of conditions such as stress, hives, and cellulite. Actually, the Dead Sea is a lake, bounded on the west by Israel and the West Bank, and on the east by Jordan. The Dead Sea has no outlet and is the lowest point on the Earth’s surface. Every day, nearly 7 million tons of water evaporate from it. If the Dead Sea is 3 million years old, the Red Sea is 25 million years old. Its name is partly from the blue algae that dyes the blue-green water reddish.
The Red Sea is regarded as one of the world’s most saline water bodies, governed by the effects of the water circulation pattern caused by evaporation and wind stress in the Red Sea. The salinity of red sea ranges from 36 to 38 percent. The maximum width of red sea is 350 km and a maximum depth of red sea is 2,800 m. However, the average depth of the Red Sea is only 450 meters, making it the lowest elevation on land on the planet, because roughly 40% of the Red Sea is shallower than 100 meters.
As if that weren’t enough, it’s also the world’s deepest hyper-saline lake, with a depth of 304 m and a salt level 9.6 times higher than the average ocean. So it’s safe to say that it’s a one-of-a-kind place to visit. Floating in Red Sea is one of the most fascinating facts about the red sea. Not only is it fun to float around in the water, but there are several spas along the coast where you can enjoy a full day of skin treatments.
Facts about the red sea
- The Red Sea is also known as the Erythraean Sea.
- The Red Sea is surrounded by semi-desert, desert, and arid land masses.
- Because of its high evaporation rates, the Red Sea is one of the saltiest seas on the planet. It reaches 4.1 percent in its northern waters, while the average salinity of sea water is 3.5 percent.
- The Red Sea is home to the world’s fastest fish. The lone sailfish can reach speeds of up to 68 miles per hour.
- The Red Sea is approximately 35% saltier than most other seas, providing it with unique health benefits. The salinity of red sea water is thought to improve blood circulation.
- Because of high salinity of Red Sea, like the Dead Sea, it is easy for people to float in.
- The surface area of red sea is 438,000 square kilometers.
- The Red Sea has a volume of approximately 233,000 cubic kilometers of water.
- The maximum depth of Red Sea is 2,211 meters, and the average depth is 490 meters beneath the sea’s surface.
- The Red Sea is warm enough to visit all year round. The average water temperature of red sea water is 66°F even in December and January. In the summer, the temperature of red sea rises to an average of 84°F, making the sea’s shallow areas as warm as bath water.
- Given the rich variety of its underwater ecosystem, it’s no surprise that the Red Sea is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling.
- It is home to over 1,200 different types of fish, including 44 different types of sharks. Nearly 20% of these are only found in the Red Sea. Divers can swim with angelfish, butterfly fish, and clownfish, all of which are brightly colored.
- Approximately 40% of the Red Sea is shallow, and 25% is less than 50 meters deep.
- The Red Sea has a diverse and rich ecosystem. More than 1200 fish species have been identified in the Red Sea, with approximately 10% of these being found nowhere else. In addition, there are over 1,000 invertebrate species and 200 soft and hard corals.