A migraine headache is characterized by severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation on one side of the head. It is frequently accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme light and sound sensitivity. Migraine attacks can last for hours or days, and the pain can be severe enough to interfere with daily activities. A warning symptom known as an aura occurs before or with the headache for some people. Auras can include visual disturbances like flashes of light or blind spots, as well as other symptoms like tingling on one side of the face, arm, or leg, and difficulty in speaking. Some migraine medications can help to prevent and alleviate the pain of some migraines. The right medications, in conjunction with self-help remedies and lifestyle changes, may be beneficial. In this article, we will focus the causes of migraine.
What is migraine?
A migraine is more than just a bad headache. There are various types of migraine and they can cause incapacitating throbbing pain that can keep you confined to bed for days! Pain, tiredness, nausea, visual disturbances, numbness and tingling, irritability, difficulty speaking, temporary loss of vision, and other symptoms may be caused by movement, light, sound, and other triggers. Migraines frequently run in families and affect people of all ages.
A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a number of symptoms, the most noticeable of which is a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Physical activity, lights, sounds, or smells are all likely to aggravate your migraine. It could last for at least four hours, and possibly even days. Research has shown that it’s the sixth most disabling disease in the world.
Migraine headaches are diagnosed based on clinical history, reported symptoms, and the exclusion of other causes of migraine. Migraines can appear as early as childhood or as late as early adulthood. Migraines are more common in women than in men. One of the most common risk factors for migraines is a family history of migraines. Migraines are distinct from other types of headaches.
Migraine vs headache
A migraine attack is not the same as a regular headache. The experience is unique, and the reasons for it can vary. Keeping a symptom diary can assist a person and their healthcare professional in identifying migraine episodes. Keep the journal for at least 8 weeks and make entries, whatever you feel. You should notice the following points:
- What triggered you to migraine? Potential triggers can be stress or menstruation.
- You need to find the nature of the headache or any other symptoms.
- How long the symptoms last any visible migraine indicators, such as an aura.
- Any medications used and the effects of those medications.
Symptoms of migraines
Possible symptoms of migraines include:
- Pain that worsens as a result of physical activity
- Vomiting or nausea
- Changes in your vision, such as blurred vision or blind spots
- Light, noise, or odors bothering you
- Stopped-up nose
- Feeling cold or sweating
- Neck stiffness or tenderness
- Tender scalp
- Intense throbbing or dull aching pain on one side of your head or both sides
Causes of migraine
Though the causes of migraines are not completely understood, genetics and environmental factors appear to play a role. Changes in the brainstem and its interactions with the trigeminal nerve, a major pain pathway, could play a role. Unbalances in brain chemicals, such as serotonin, which helps regulate pain in your nervous system, could also play a role.
Experts believe that migraine attacks are caused by changes in the brain that affect the way nerves communicate, the balance of chemicals, and the blood vessels. A family history of migraine is one of the most common causes of migraine, so genetic factors may also play a role.
Migraine triggers differ from one person to the next. They frequently include:
- Hormonal changes such as hormonal fluctuations, such as before or during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, appear to cause migraine in many women.
- Emotional triggers like stress, depression, anxiety, and excitement.
- Weather changes, such as temperature or barometric pressure, can cause a migraine.
- Foods containing the additives tyramine and monosodium glutamate, as well as alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, nuts, cheese, citrus fruits, and foods containing the additives tyramine and monosodium glutamate.
- Medications like sleeping pills, hormone replacement therapy, and some birth control pills or oral contraceptives. They may aggravate migraines.
- Migraines can be triggered by intense physical exertion, including sexual activity.
- Missing meals or eating at inconvenient times can also cause migraines. If you know you have a migraine problem, you must stick to your routine.
- Sleeping changes can also be one of the causes of migraine. Some people experience migraines as a result of not getting enough sleep or getting too much sleep.
- Environmental factors such as flickering screens, strong odors, secondhand smoke, loud noises, humidity, stuffy rooms, temperature fluctuations and bright lights.
Other causes of migraine include:
- Shoulder and neck tension
- Poor posture
- Loud noises are some other potential triggers.
- Excessive workout
- Low blood sugar levels
When possible, avoiding migraine triggers may help reduce the frequency of migraine attacks. They can be diagnosed by your doctor based on the symptoms of migraines, you describe. If the diagnosis is unclear, your doctor will conduct a physical examination. Blood tests or imaging tests, such as an MRI or CAT scan of the brain, may be ordered by your doctor. These tests can help to rule out other possible causes of headache.