Who doesn’t want skin that’s flawless, shiny, glowing? But with so many different items on the market, knowing which ones to use can be overwhelming. Although it can be determined by genetics, other variables affect how your skin reacts to certain items. That include your age, climate, hormones, nutrition, lifestyle, pregnancy, and even medicines and illnesses. We consulted dermal clinician Mai Guillou from COSMETIC 1 and Desiree Stordahl, Paula’s Choice Senior Research and Education Manager, who shared the secrets of the radiant skin industry, to answer your everyday skincare questions and introduce a Skincare Routine for you.
Combination skin is a combination of dry and oily skin. In the T-zone where their pores are biggest, on the nose, chin, and forehead, most people with this skin type find that they get oily. They sometimes get dehydrated patches or flaky skin, however. Combination skin often changes a lot; it can look very oily in summer, while it’s dry in winter, and hormone changes can also cause breakouts. Mai Guillou shared with us that, as opposed to what does not bring enough, the trick is to keep a balance between what brings too much moisture to the skin. It is vital to choose the correct cleansers that are active enough to have a deep cleaning effect, but are soft enough to not feel drained of the skin.
Desiree from Paula’s Choice advised that with products that have a lightweight consistency that can be layered and tailored for the various areas of the face, combination skin does well. For oily areas and more moisturizing goods anywhere else, try using oil-absorbent formulations. Otherwise, in terms of continuity, opt for a skin care routine that falls right in the center. Cleansers focused on gels, milky toners, and fluid serums work great. Apply serums and moisturizers that reinforce the skin barrier and increase its water content throughout the day, while not feeding too many nourishing ingredients to the oily T region. However, at night, it is important to use cleansers, toners, and treatments that will continue to regulate the overproduction of sebum.
Oily and Acne-Prone skin
You definitely have the oily sort of skin if you end up with a greasy film over your face at the end of the day. Sadly, acne always goes hand-in-hand with oily skin. That’s because dead skin cells and debris are stuck inside hair follicles on your face by the extra sebum. Luckily, both excess oil and acne may be treated with the correct items. Desiree suggests that liquids, lightweight serums, gels, or weightless-feeling consistencies should be prevented from extremely emollient, occlusive textures and adhered to. Oily, acne-prone skin on the surface appears to have an additional accumulation of dead skin that can lead to dull skin, clogged pores, and breakouts.
To stop breakouts, exfoliation is critical; use a BHA and AHA product that will penetrate deep within your pores to flush them out. Mai clarified that Salicylic Acid is a common BHA and is well known for penetrating and dissolving oil content via skin appendages. Therefore, with BHA, what we refer to as congestion is handled successfully. In comparison, AHA Glycolic Acid helps regenerate the skin, remodeling the epidermis by speeding cell renewal and reorganization, encouraging cleaner, plumper, healthier skin. Oily and acne-prone skin would highly benefit from these active ingredients, whether it be in the form of a cleanser, toner, or evening treatment, and this depends greatly on the skin of each individual. Don’t forget to cleanse and moisturize the skin twice a day.
Not enough sebum is formed by dry skin, which means it sometimes feels dry, tight, and sensitive. The lack of natural oil will make it more fragile and vulnerable to environmental damage, known as the ‘lipid barrier’. Dry skin has several causes; being dehydrated or exposed to cold weather can make it worse, but it is typically hereditary. Desiree says it will help improve hydration using ceramides and hyaluronic acid. The skin barrier can also be revived by proven emollients such as jojoba oil and shea butter.
Gentle exfoliators, hydrating cleansers that do not extract any moisture, and vitamin C serums that are formulated to treat the lower layers of the skin are recommended if you have dry skin. Mai states that cosmeceuticals can be successful and active today, and she suggests that customers seek clinical advice for skincare. What works for one individual would not necessarily work for another individual. This depends significantly on the product’s concentration, its shape, and its degree of PH.
Sensitive skin needs a lot of attention because it very easily appears to get irritated and inflamed. For this skin form, gentle and hydrating products with soothing ingredients are ideal. It’s all about being as soft as possible for sensitive skin, staying fragrance-free, and using formulations brimming with calming agents to keep inflammation and redness at bay, Desiree commented. You don’t want to compromise on anti-aging benefits at the same time, so the trick is to find highly effective and comforting ingredients for the skin. For sensitive skin, antioxidants like beta-glucan, licorice extract, and green tea and its derivatives are extremely beneficial.
Mai Guillou tells us that a proper diagnosis is the first step in treating irritated or reactive skin. Inflammatory skin conditions are extensive and can be treated with the right skin care and treatments. She advises that it is important to fix the skin barrier to strengthen the skin. It will be able to hold on to water better once restored, and cell renewal will operate in a healthier way. In addition, you can restrict your time in the sun if you have this form of skin, since sensitive skin tends to burn easily.
Morning Skincare Routine
Part of your skincare routine in the morning will depend on your type of skin. Nonetheless, there are several interventions that everybody can include at the beginning of the day. As you may have dead skin cells, bacteria, sweat, and items lingering on your face, first is a cleanser. Using an oil-based cleanser in the morning to ensure that any residue is lifted off if you are using face oil at night. Next, to stabilize the skin for the day, add a toner. This move should always involve acne and oily-prone skin types. Finally, use a serum containing vitamin C, a moisturizer, and a sun care product.
Desiree recommends to use a routine filled with validated antioxidants (glutathione, brown algae, and grape polyphenols, just to name a few) and an antioxidant-rich sunscreen as your last skin care step in the morning if you want to protect your skin from the effects of contaminants such as auto exhaust, smog, and small particulate matter in the air.
Evening Skincare Routine
Some ingredients in skin care make your face more vulnerable to sun damage, so it’s best to apply them before you go to bed. Your evening skincare routine is also the best time to use stronger creams and serums, since when you sleep, they will have plenty of time to sink in.
Start the process by double-cleansing; that means with one kind of cleanser removing makeup, then using a second product to clean your face. If you have an oily type of skin, use a toner to balance the pH levels of the skin. Swap the toner for a face mask once or twice per week. Your skin is primed for therapies such as serums, retinol or AHA and BHA, and eye cream, after washing and toning. Finally, in order to lock in moisture, add a night cream or moisturizer. If you would like to revive the firmness of the skin, if you are dealing with swollen pores, Desiree recommends using peptides and going for Niacinamide.
Pregnancy skincare routine
The hormone levels within the body shift during pregnancy, and these have a direct effect on the skin of a woman. Some develop adult acne, pigmentation-called melasma-sensitivity and redness-changes differ among women. Popular skin care ingredients, including retinol and the regular use of salicylic acid, willow bark, parabens, hydroquinone, and essential oils, should also be avoided during pregnancy. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, skincare needs to be altered to adapt to the intermittent changes that occur within our body, which in turn affect our skin’s health. Desiree recommends first contacting the physician.
She recommends adding omega fatty acid-rich products to help improve the surface of the skin, something any skin type may benefit from as it changes.
To keep your skin looking at its best at any age, there are six main elements to include in your routine. Firstly, since the number one cause of skin damage is from sun exposure, broad-spectrum sunscreen is a must. Next, vitamin C, which helps stimulate collagen development, decreases fine lines and wrinkles. Retinol and niacinamide are both important ingredients that will make the skin appear smoother and firmer while reducing the pigmentation associated with age.
AHA exfoliating has been shown to promote the development of the upper layers of the skin. Finally, copper peptides, while also promoting the production of collagen, have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. That implies that your skin will look plumper and have enhanced elasticity.
Scars from Acne
Many that have suffered from extreme acne are often left with acne marks, known as permanent indentations and rough skin texture. By killing skin tissue, acne cysts cause the scars; when they finally rupture, the area they occupied does not heal, leaving a pitted appearance on the skin.
Dermatologists identify the forms of scars depending on the appearance and how deeply the skin is penetrated. Mai states that acne scarring treatment typically requires modalities for Skincare Routine that have an impact on controlling the development of collagen for tissue regeneration and remodeling.
COSMETIC 1 provides a variety of treatments, ranging from various chemical peels to LED lights, intensive pulse lights and ablative and non-laser treatments. You will receive a treatment plan and a personalized skincare regimen tailored to your skin type and condition during the appointment. Azelaic acid, retinol, chemical peels and anti-scarring remedies can all decrease the irregular texture and treat discoloration.